State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic Slovak Caves Administration
Štátna ochrana prírody

Veľká ľadová Abyss

The protestant priest Pavol Rebery from Boca briefly described some caves in the massif of Ohnišťe in the Low Tatras at the beginning of the 18th century. This plain was used for cattle and sheep grazing. The entrances to the abyss were known from long ago.

The first caving expedition took place in August 1939 headed by Vojtech Benický from the Museum of the Slovak Karst. They descended to the bottom of the 80 m deep abyss, with ice, boulders and wood on the floor. Further expeditions measured and documented the cave in better detail. The abyss is formed in Middle Triassic Gutenstein limestones of the Biely Váh series of the Choč Nappe.

There are two openings on the surface. The upper one at 1,529 m, and the lower one at elevation of 1,515 m above the sea. Ice coatings from several cm to 15-20 cm are on the walls in the entrance 89 m deep abyss. Ice cone protrudes from the bottom covered with a lot of detritus. The ice have an ellipse shape of asymmetric dimension 9 x 6 m. The ice cone is covered with firn and ice. Its height is around 10 m, and is dependent on climatic conditions.

There is inclined side fissure passage in NE direction with 30 m deep vertical at its end, and continues further to sedimented bottom. The total length of the abyss is 125 m.



Dear visitors, our show caves are opened again from May 15, 2021 under the following restrictions: visitors must wear a face mask, disinfect hands and keep the required distance from each other. Details are stated in official country regulations and legislature. The number of visitors per admission is reduced. Thanks for understanding. We wish you a pleasant visit!

Underground boat trip in Domica Cave not available.

Due to low yield of underground water the boat trip in Domica Cave is not available. The short tour is available. Thank you for understanding

Cave visit with small children

Dear visitors, due to increased visitation of parents with very small children (circa up to 3 - 4 years of age), we would like to kindly ask you to have a rucksack baby carrier with you for visiting the more demanding caves in given time. This recommendation concerns all caves but the most concerned are the following ones: Demänovská Cave of Liberty, Belianska Cave, Dobšinská Ice Cave, Demänovská Ice Cave, Harmanecká Cave. We also ask you to consider visiting the cave with your crying child, which could disturb the other visitors. Thank you for understanding and we wish you a nice experience.

Cave tour guides for download

Dear visitors, cave tour guides are available for download


Správa jeskyní České republikyInternational Year of Caves and KarstHabakukyZajo