The cave is located in the ponor zone of the Bystrá-Valaská Karst in the Bystrá foothills of the Horehronské podolie, on the southern edge of the Bystrá village, nearby the recreational resort Tále and on the southern slope of the Low Tatras. Cave entrance is at 565 m elevation above the sea, on the foot of the NW slope of the Chodorov Hill.
The cave was formed in the Mesozoic Middle Triassic dark grey limestones of the Choč Nappe with chert intercalations. There are also positions of altering pale-grey dolomites. The direction of cave passages is significantly predisposed by steep tectonic faults.
The cave reaches the length of more than 3,531 m with vertical span of 99 m. It was formed by the ponor waters of Bystrianka flowing into the karst territory from the southern slopes of the Low Tatras Mountains in several developmental stages in dependence to the valley bottom deepening. Meander riverbed in the Old Cave is the oldest part of the cave, with an entrance situated 70 m above the present flow of Bystrianka. At present, the ponor watercourse is flowing through the lowest and youngest parts of the New Cave, which are situated 14 m lower than the 160 m distant ponor of Bystrianka in front of the cave. The water course appears also on the bottom of the nearby Bystriansky Doline, which has abyss spaces more than 650 m long and 165 m deep. The springs in Valaská are 3,300 m away from ponors with elevation difference of more than 70 m.
The main spaces of the New Cave have narrow and high fissure passages widened by corrosion and erosion of the water course. Shorter oval passages are prevailingly predisposed by interbed surfaces and they connect the narrow fissure passages in some places. The upper parts of tectonic faults are widened by corrosion of percolating atmospheric waters in several places. Also larger halls and domes are present, mostly of breakdown character (Collapsed Dome, Mostárenské Halls). The Hell Abyss 56 m deep opens into the lower parts of the New Cave.
Six bat species hibernates in the cave with the most abundant Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros). A rare cave beetle Duvalius microphthalmus is present in the cave. Numerous populations are formed by cave springtails Deuteraphorura kratochvili, Pseudosinella paclti and multipede Allorhiscosoma sphinx, which are endemic species of the Western Carpathians. A precious discovery was the troglobitic form of springtail of Megalothorax genus, which is a new species for science.
Show caves - Bystrianska Cave
Due to low yield of underground water the boat trip in Domica Cave is not available. The short tour is available. Thank you for understanding